Posts Tagged ‘Typhoid fever’

Hi guys, the whole world is in the scare mood now. Ebola has succeeded to take the news, education, business, it has our minds.
Since it entered Nigeria, people have died of misinformation.
It looks as if this thing is going to destroy us, not by infecting us, but by fear.
Come to think of it, AIDS alone takes more than a million lives per year in Africa — a thousand times the toll of this Ebola outbreak so far.
Lung infections such as pneumonia are close behind as the No. 2 killer. Malaria and diarrhea claim hundreds of thousands of African children each year.
Americans fretting about their own health would be better off focusing on getting a flu shot this fall. Flu is blamed for about 24,000 U.S. deaths per year.
I have come up with 3 reasons why we do not need to fear this fever.

1. Ebola doesn’t spread easily, the way a cold virus or the flu does. It is only spread by direct contact with bodily fluids such as blood, saliva, sweat and urine. Family members have contracted it by caring for their relatives or handling an infected body as part of burial practices. People aren’t contagious until they show symptoms. Symptoms may not appear until 21 days after exposure. Note that, for most people symptoms start showing after 21 days. Anyone who has had contact with the person before they start getting symptomatic are free.

2.”People should not be afraid of casual exposure on a subway or an airplane,” said Dr. Robert Black, professor of international health at Johns Hopkins University.

3.Lets talk about Tuberculosis – Although it is treatable and not always deadly it is still deadly. We always seem to forget about this one,. Easily transmitted. People with ‘active’ TB, can sign, cough, sneeze and spread it. It’s that easy. The scariest part is a person not being treated regularly for TB or who doesn’t know they have it will infect 10 people a year.
It is estimated by CDC and WHO that there are 8.45 million new cases every year.

Odds of dying after getting TB – 1 in 6

Population of lagos, Nigeria as at 1991 was about 5 million. If 100 people are symptomatic with ebola,
there is 1 in 50000 odds of one lagosian contracting Ebola. So you see!

Instead of getting scared, get educated. Know about Ebola. I have an article on all you need to know about ebola here



Typhoid fever, also known as salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, is a deadly infection that has taken the life of many people you know and some notable people you also know but never knew what killed them. i ll blow your mind- if you remember the Wright brothers, the one known as Wilbur Wright [inventors of what we know today as the airplane was killed by typhoid. The greek empire’s alexander the Great was killed by typhoid. if we decide to come home, famous comedian, orator,philanthropist Gbenga Adeboye was diagnosed of Typhoid after it has damaged other main organs in his body.

Worldwide typhoid fever affects roughly 17 million people annually, causing the deaths of over 600,000. Note that these deaths occur mostly in developing countries. In developed countries, the infection has been effectively eradicated, in the  united states in 2006 there were only 266 cases, and 70% of that number have been to Asia, Africa or the middle east.

For starters, i m going  to discuss what salmonella typhi is in layman’s term in this first article. In subsequent articles, i will explain how it is contacted then the symptoms, how differentials are done, then how to treat. the final article will be how to avoid this infection. So lets move!

what is typhoid?

Ttyphoid fever is a life threatening disease caused by an infection caused by a bacteria called Samonella Typhi. This infection affects the intestinal tract, then secondarily it can pass to the spleen, liver, bone marrow etc if not treated.

This infection affects the body in two  stages- stage i, ii

Stage i- Incubation period- This stage the carrier  feels no symptom. At this stage it is already in the intestinal tract

stage ii: At this stage the person becomes symptomatic. the first set of symptoms appear. They include: lingering headaches, body aches, high temperature. General symptoms of malaria. If untreated, it ll keep occurring for two to three days till the fever becomes high with temperature ranging from 39 degrees to 42 degrees. Then abdominal discomfort in the form of constipation which will result in inability to pass stool to diarrhea, it can also result in intestinal bleeding.

One thing that should be in our mind is that typhoid carries the same symptoms as some other infections and diseases. Such as malaria, meningitis. So the only ways one can be sure of what it is is through medical tests using blood samples, stool cultures, urine samples.

In the next article, we ll discuss  how differentials {diagnosis}  are done, then how to treat. the final article will be how to avoid this infection. So lets move!

Feel free to comment or ask questions.