Posts Tagged ‘Ebola’

Ebola is on the rampage. It is getting real help from civilisation. The easy movement of people from one place to another, one country to another, one continent to another, has made it easy for this virus to spread.
Right now, the way it spreads is making it difficult for scientists to be sure they understand its interaction with its host.
Here is a list of questions that could come up from what we have seen:
1. What we know is that Ebola hosts don’t become contagious until they start having symptoms. The question is, at what level of symptom does the person actually become contagious?
What is the relationship between the level of symptoms and degree of contact with host?
2. We know that if health workers wear Hazmat suit, they are protected. What is unclear is why they contract the virus a lot. The question that arise is that is it possible that the virus penetrates after a while? Afterall it is a virus, it might be smaller than the particle formation of some of these suits.
3. We also know that there are only few locations in Nigeria where you could get tested. Are these tests 100% accurate? Do these tests find presence of the virus in the body or they just find absence of other illnesses that possess the same symptoms?

We all want this epidemic causing virus eradicated but is it possible, under these circumstances?

My conclusion is that we know little about the virus. If we do not try to know more, this might break our race to bits.
Please share your thoughts!

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Hi guys, the whole world is in the scare mood now. Ebola has succeeded to take the news, education, business, it has our minds.
Since it entered Nigeria, people have died of misinformation.
It looks as if this thing is going to destroy us, not by infecting us, but by fear.
Come to think of it, AIDS alone takes more than a million lives per year in Africa — a thousand times the toll of this Ebola outbreak so far.
Lung infections such as pneumonia are close behind as the No. 2 killer. Malaria and diarrhea claim hundreds of thousands of African children each year.
Americans fretting about their own health would be better off focusing on getting a flu shot this fall. Flu is blamed for about 24,000 U.S. deaths per year.
I have come up with 3 reasons why we do not need to fear this fever.

1. Ebola doesn’t spread easily, the way a cold virus or the flu does. It is only spread by direct contact with bodily fluids such as blood, saliva, sweat and urine. Family members have contracted it by caring for their relatives or handling an infected body as part of burial practices. People aren’t contagious until they show symptoms. Symptoms may not appear until 21 days after exposure. Note that, for most people symptoms start showing after 21 days. Anyone who has had contact with the person before they start getting symptomatic are free.

2.”People should not be afraid of casual exposure on a subway or an airplane,” said Dr. Robert Black, professor of international health at Johns Hopkins University.

3.Lets talk about Tuberculosis – Although it is treatable and not always deadly it is still deadly. We always seem to forget about this one,. Easily transmitted. People with ‘active’ TB, can sign, cough, sneeze and spread it. It’s that easy. The scariest part is a person not being treated regularly for TB or who doesn’t know they have it will infect 10 people a year.
It is estimated by CDC and WHO that there are 8.45 million new cases every year.

Odds of dying after getting TB – 1 in 6

Population of lagos, Nigeria as at 1991 was about 5 million. If 100 people are symptomatic with ebola,
there is 1 in 50000 odds of one lagosian contracting Ebola. So you see!

Instead of getting scared, get educated. Know about Ebola. I have an article on all you need to know about ebola here

STAY HEALTHY.

NOTE THAT THERE ARE SOME PICTURES HERE THAT MIGHT BE OFFENSIVE SO BRACE YOURSELF

EBOLA VIRUS

1. EBOLA IS A DEADLY INFECTION

Ebola is a deadly infection that shows up between 2 and 21 days after one is infected. it damages the immune system. It damages body organs all these will happen in weeks. It mostly results in death up to 90%. Cases have been recorded in these African countries: Congo (DRC), Sudan, Gabon, cote d’ voire, Uganda, Liberia, Sierra Leone, 1 case in Nigeria.

2. EBOLA DOES NOT KILL EVERYONE THAT GETS INFECTED

Not all persons that had got infected with the disease resulted in death. There had been cases where some patients did not die as a result. Scientists do not really know why that happened, but the explanation is that their body immune system was able to fight it somehow. Know that fatality is up to 90%.

3. EBOLA IS TRANSMITTTED FROM ANIMAL HOSTS TO HUMANS.

Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus. Hypsignathus monstrosus, Epomops franqueti and Myonycteris torquata, are considered possible natural hosts for Ebola virus. As a result, the geographic distribution of Ebola viruses may overlap with the range of the fruit bats. If a human subject contracts it and gets sick, anyone that gets in contact with the human gets infected. However, the location and natural habitat of the virus has not been found. Scientists say it would be somewhere in the forest.

4. EBOLA VIRUS CAN BE TRANSMITTED EASILY

Ebola can be transmitted in the following ways:
– Secretions- urine, stool, sweat, saliva, semen
– secretion on clothing of the infected person
– needles and syringes that was used on the infected person.

Infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead in the rain-forest.

Ebola then spreads in the community through human-to-human transmission, with infection resulting from direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids. Burials in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola. Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness.

5. EBOLA VIRUS HAS SYMPTOMS OF COMMON ILLNESSES

Ebola is also known as Ebola Hemorrhaging fever, from that name, here are some of the symptoms of the virus on an infected person:
-fever: common cold
-headache
-joint and muscle aches
-sore throat
-weakness

Ebola-virus

As the incubation period reaches advanced stages:
-Diarrhea
-vomiting
-stomach pain
-hiccups
-rash
-Trouble breathing
-Impaired kidney and liver function
-low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes
-bleeding internally and externally- the bleeding occurs because Ebola causes damage of blood-clotting cells, called platelets, which can lead to severe bleeding.

ebola 2

6. THERE ARE NO PREVENTION OR CURE VACCINE

Developing a vaccine against Ebola viruses is ongoing. The inability to successfully locate the origin of the virus makes it hard to make an antivirus. Successful vaccines have been developed that work in experimental animals (mice and guinea pigs but not against macaques monkeys). With new and larger outbreaks of Ebola hemorrhagic fever possible, researchers are intensely working to develop an effective vaccine utilizing genetically modified viruses, recombinant viruses, and inactivated Ebola viruses. Unfortunately, none are currently available.

7. EBOLA CAN BE PREVENTED

The wearing of protective clothing, such as masks, gloves, gowns, and goggles, the use of infection-control measures, including complete equipment sterilization and the isolation of Ebola HF patients from contact with unprotected persons. The aim of all of these techniques is to avoid any person’s contact with the blood or secretions of any patient. If a patient with Ebola HF dies, it is equally important that direct contact with the body of the deceased patient be prevented. The isolation of patients with Ebola hemorrhagic fever from contact with unprotected people

For now we can avoid eating game (bush meat) because these animals migrate.

8. EBOLA CAN BE MANAGED

Supportive therapy is available, which includes maintaining proper fluid and electrolyte balance, maintaining blood pressure and oxygen levels, and treating complicating infections. While there are currently no treatments or vaccines against Ebola available for clinical use, there are some researches going on and some are being tested on selected animals.
These supportive therapies are meant to keep the patient alive for as long as possible in case their immune system would be able to fight it.

Protect Yourself!

I had to write this article because of the rate at which Ebola virus is spreading in Africa. Recently there was a reported case in Lagos Nigeria. I live in Nigeria so i have to educate.

If nothing else comes up, we will continue our conversation on brain training.

Thank you!